In MemoriamJacques Benveniste
Jacques Benveniste is deceased Thursday October 3, 2003, Pitié-Salpétrière hospital in Paris. He is renowned among his work in high dilution with water.
The following is a translation of the description as a result of his death was given by Jacques Benveniste and his work on the website he founded Digital Biology research laboratory in Clamart near Paris in France.
Jacques Benveniste was born in Paris on 12 March 1935. After his medical studies he worked in hospital in Paris and then became Chef de Clinique at the Faculty of Medicine. Soon thereafter he devoted himself to research in France and the USA.From 1973 he was a researcher at INSERM (Institut National de la SantÃ© Et de la Recherche Médicale, the French national research institute for medicine). From 1984 he led research.During his career, Benveniste published over 300 scientific articles. In 1970 he became world famous through his discovery of PAF, the Platelet Activating Factor.
His work was front-page on June 30, 1988 "Le Monde" published "French discovery shakes the foundation of physics". It was an article that still would come out in Nature, the famous British scientific magazine. ... titled "The degranulation of human basophils induced by very high dilutions of an anti-IgE antiserum.The researcher - supported by 13 colleagues - described the reaction of a blood corpuscle to which an anti-water solution was completely gone. The biological information was transferred, without the "active ingredient". Jacques Benveniste interpreted as "water has memory".
This discovery sparked a huge scientific controversy. For some, the results were unacceptable, because unexplained.
Jacques Benveniste was reason to pursue this path, instead of returning to his earlier career. By exploring various research protocols, he came slowly to an explanation for the initially seemingly inexplicable phenomenon. His conclusion was that each molecule carries an electromagnetic signal. When serial dilutions of water disappeared but the molecule was the signal.For many years he provided evidence for this unusual phenomenon. That is all the more impressive because he did so with scant resources.
The phenomenon of high dilutions 7 times reproduced in six independent laboratories around the world. It is more than 1000 times repeated in his own laboratory, including a purpose-built robot, the experiment without human intervention to do. How often should an experiment be repeated until the result is scientifically regarded as "repeatable"? ...
In 15 years research has been the result beyond doubt.
His research was supported in scientific circles, and by the last two presidents of France. With wealthy partners, a company founded in 1997 for his work to contribute financially, SA DigiBio.A company in the USA bought the rights to seven patents DigiBio which a patent has been in the USA: the digital transmission of biological signals in the form of a. Wav file computer. This transaction was possible after a series of blinded studies. A digital form of a blood thinner from San Diego was digitally sent to Clamart - where Jacques Benveniste worked - and transferred to water, where it functioned as a blood thinner, like the original molecule. See www.digibio.com / video.
The sale of these patents represents a new development in biology, with unprecedented applications. For example: electromagnetic antivirals, and electronic detection of microbes or toxins from natural sources or criminal.
Jacques Benveniste's neighbor committed to his research work in the digital biology around the world to continue.
It will contribute to the promotion of his remembrance, free science, focusing on facts rather than beliefs. Convictions can bring society together, but they can also stagnate innovation.
"When the facts do not correspond to the theory, then one must accept the facts and reject the theory" (Claude Bernard)
Scientists who support his work include:
Brian D. Josephson, Physics Nobel Prize winner, Cavendish Lab. (Tel: +44 1223 337260)
Marie-AngÃ¨le Hermitte, Director of Research at CNRS, Director of Education at EHESS (tel: 06 09 45 50 89)
YolÃ¨ne Thomas, Director of Research at CNRS (tel: 06 09 75 27 78)
Jacques Testart, Director of Research at INSERM (tel: 01 46 54 99 49)
Contact: Laurent Benveniste - 06 12 31 20 75 - firstname.lastname@example.org
CV Jacques Benveniste
Born March 12, 1935 in Paris. Father of five children.
Main scientific results
Discovery of the Platelet-Activating Factor, PAF Acether, 1970
Article "memory of water", Nature, 1988, which led to the development of digital biology.
More than 300 scientific publications, 13 more than 100 times quoted.
1951 - Final exam (16 years old)
1953-1960 - Study Medicine, Paris
1967 - Dissertation at the Faculty of Medicine, Paris,
1967-1969 - Chef de Clinique, Faculty of Medicine, Paris,
Functions such as Doctor
1956 - HÃ´pitaux de Paris,
1959 - HÃ´pitaux de la RÃ©gion de Paris,
1961 - HÃ´pitaux de Paris,
1967 - Lecturer, HÃ´pitaux de Paris,
1965-1969 - Researcher, cancer studies, Institut de Recherche sur le Cancer, CNRS, Villejuif (Dr. JC Salomon & Prof.. W. Bernhardt)
1969-1972 - Research Associate, Division of Experimental Pathology, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California (Dr. CG Cochrane and FJ Dixon)
1973 - Head of Research, INSERM Unit 25, HÃ´pital Necker, Paris,
1977 - Chief of the laboratory for research of direct and hypersensitivity diseases, INSERM Unit 25,
1978 - Deputy Director of Research INSERM, INSERM Unit 131, Clamart,
1980 - Head of INSERM Unit 200: Immunology of infections and allergies, Clamart,
1984 - Director of Research INSERM,
1995-2004 - Head of the Digital Biology Laboratory, Clamart,
2002-2004 - Emeritus Director of Research INSERM,
Knight of the Order of Merit (Chevalier de l'Ordre du Merite)
Silver medal of the CNRS (French National Research Institute)
At the League conference in Buenos Aires in late October this year not one word devoted to the recent death of Jacques Benveniste who more than anyone, since Hahnemann, homeopathy has meant for. However, it was commemorating the death of one of the largest South American homeopaths, Mazi.
May be more typical? Benveniste was during his life excommunicated by what today is called the scientific world. But even within homeopathy Benveniste has never had the recognition he deserved.
How many have heeded his call to all European homeopathic doctors to the merit of a patient in their practice to spend on research into the effects of the homeopathic remedy?
His approach was often confrontational, but he knew what he was saying. He was once a celebrated immunologist who was considered one of France's best scientists, a man who qualified for a Nobel prize.
France, but also the rest of the world is sloppy with his real scientists. His position at INSERM was taken from him after the debacle in 1988. In that year he published his research into high dilutions of water in the journal Nature. Within a few days after, a team of "researchers" from the same sheet, with him long into his lab to 'show' that his research was not right. Benveniste later could show what happened during that investigation, but at that time had a reputation as good as lost.
Benveniste but fought back and went for his conviction. He founded in 1997 on DIGIBIO, the research for what he called the digital biology. (Www.digibio.com) Within that institution he continued his work.
In 2002 the League conference in Moscow, his results are both surprising and reflected an ever-changing perspective. His earlier research dealt with the dilution of water. Now, the inquiry about the people who operate it, and what impact it can have on the results. Through systematic research, he the intermittent negative results due to the influence of employees on the results.
Within INSERM there were occasional negative results, a researcher of the kind that can drive to distraction. But then you find new facts that are essential to understanding the mechanism of action. Benveniste and never gave up. His energy and work ethic were unmatched.
He obviously spent a lot of energy to all those negative reactions from the so-called scientists. He wrote a letter around the beginning of 1996, which he called anyone who ever with him in the lab had been (in a response form to answer) whether he ever received any suspicious act or manipulation had seen or had witnessed such an act. It was characteristic of the fighting spirit of Jacques Benveniste.
It is macabre that the stain on his name due to shortcomings in the research qualities of others. During the infamous 1988 visit to the 'researchers' Nature, Maddox and Randi, who were witnesses at least two successful experiments. (This was also published in Nature.) They really wanted the experiments themselves, with negative results. This was one of the three experiments were not successful. This negative result was enlarged and presented to the world. The picture was presented that the experiment was wrong. It is more likely that the host'experimentatoren 'experiment not performed. It is surprising that the absence of a result they attributed to "a failure of the experiment, instead of doubting their own failures. Sometimes this seems characteristic of modern science: that the researcher with self-doubt. While it has long been known that every researcher is always part of the experiment.
There are people who believe that these high-profile event was intended primarily to research of Benveniste to discredit, hoping to prevent further such research. Benveniste had indeed finally proved that homeopathic dilutions work. This obviously has profound implications for the whole of medicine. Was the whole action of Randi Maddox and aimed at the rusted and sleepy medical thinking calmly to sleep? Their actions seem paradoxical to suggest that I remember the impeccable reporting of all recorded experiments made by his co-researcher Elizabeth Davenas. Benveniste showed it with pride. Maddox's comments: "Such a precise reproduction had to suggest deliberate fraud. In English this is called: Character Assassination, character assassination. How much humiliation can you tolerate?Benveniste once wrote in a footnote to a quotation from his own research in 1988: "In fact, these results were only questioned because of the consequences, which is not scientific."
Matured by all suspicions and humiliations, he was still always a welcome guest and gifted speaker. At each conference, he shared in a clear way more progressive understanding of simple equations.
More important than the opposition he received the results he gathered. Through his work is a deep insight into the role of water in our bodies. Soon he knew that water held the key role in the transmission of information from the cell. If no one else knew he experiments with smart step to uncover and show. Also in the homeopathic granules and tablets - he demonstrated - it is the water jacket which is responsible for electromagnetic transmission. Communication in nature is not just via a chemical reaction but also via an electromagnetic signal. He called this the language of molecules.
Benveniste is typical of how he once saw the incredible potential of his findings. He showed that it is possible electromagnetic signal into water to lay on a hard disk of a computer and telephone to send to another lab, where they are then by that signal water could 'inform' and the same tests on . In late 1995 he had already more than 30 substances were found.
He saw all the possibilities for the detection of molecules through their electromagnetic signal in water systems and environmental issues. He saw the incredible opportunities they offer for example agriculture. He mentioned again the possibility of electromagnetic pesticides. And what about the treatment of viral infections with electromagnetic signals?
Every conversation with Jacques Benveniste meant to enrich and deepen understanding was that long of operation. A great scientist is gone but his views remain and are being studied by other pioneers in practice. It hurts so much that he himself ever will witness how his insights especially mainstream medical science will change.
How characteristic he could not look with eyes wide open and his eyebrows and quickly than anyone else could he analyze the situation and very witty comment.
On October 4 this year in Paris, a great man gone. A scientist extraordinaire.
The Man Jacques Benveniste
Jacques Benveniste was a remarkable man. The first time I met him he came inside his lab with a flamboyant Cossack hat on his head and a battery of his Jaguar in the hand, which he recharge in the lab. There were about instruments. The lab itself was a sort of emergency stand, the size of a container filled with cupboards and appliances with small compartments where people worked.As he entered he was clear that everyone had a good band, and they were all connected with him and the work he did.
He told me about. It was a logical story, an ongoing exploration, which many years earlier. An important starting point was his research on cells, particularly their immunology. It was the importance of the cell contents automatically covered, especially the role of water. If water for the cell of such importance, it is important to do research there. So he did, leading to a fundamental insight: water is a carrier of information. In TIG18-5 is a part of that research presented in the articles of Dicke M. It was to read that living cells show the difference between water that had been in contact with - for that cell - excitatory or inhibitory substances. It became clear that living cells responded to the water as if the active substance is contained in concentrations in which the substance itself is not more water is available (The dilution limit that one purpose persists usually Avogadro's number.) Benveniste showed that information is electromagnetic, and can be stored on a hard disk of a PC and use a modem to a PC by a laboratory in the world. Water that this signal is 'informed' is effective as of the substance in the water contact.Obviously this was an interesting scientific discovery, with profound significance for understanding and dealing with our bodies.
This was also the basis of the high-profile publication in Nature.Benveniste insisted on this type of work in leading journals to publish. He hoped that the insights thus the fastest could reach the general public, and their benefits. Naturally he was also aware that society is driven by different interests. Such as those of the investigators who want to know and understand nature.And the world of such financial interests. In that respect was the publication in Nature, and what happened next, a typical example of a tragic clash of interests. The article he had sent him based on good research, with clear results. It was published for that reason. But as he told me it was probably intended as a trap. The article was in itself a major impact on the scientific community and medicine. Indeed, it showed that homeopathic dilutions work. But within a few days there was a team of 'researchers' at his doorstep: including the editor of Nature, and a professional magician who say they work to make (self) trickery by scientists at the jaw. That looks like a good goal, but when bias is skepticism, and the facts themselves are not seen because they are not believed? Dicke M as already described above, it worked magician and the journalists not to experiment to do, what they have published extensively. With the result, possibly the intended consequence that Benveniste was discredited. Through his results seem to undermine the established paradigm was retained.
In his later work Benveniste, in a sense, the explanation for what happened. Based on the measurements in his laboratory showed that the water was sensitive to the employees that treated. For one employee, the results were clear, the other impossible to time. It turned out that there are two distinct kinds of people: he called them the "enhancers" and "Eraser". Erasers are the ones that the effect of water if it were able to erase.Enhancers are those who - even if it is 15% cleared - again to about 80% to recover. Also noted by the team of Nature in Benveniste's lab could have erased the information, I coincidentally heard by another way, in a conversation with another renowned researcher, Cyril Smith. He has a lot of studies on electromagnetic properties of the human body. Just before and just after the controversial visit of Nature, he was Benveniste's laboratory was. And had noticed (via shuttle) that potentials before and after the team into the hands of Nature much of the information had been lost. The impact of humans on experiments to understand he did the research without leaving people were used. He had built a robot that did the entire experiment, from beginning to end. The only thing the researchers did was to obtain the measurement outcome.Repeatability and automation of experiments has long been his goal. His goal was that each experiment at least five other laboratories in the world was repeated. And then in the leading journals published. Collaboration with other laboratories that existed for a long time, even when the experiments M Dicke above has described the transmission of the information of water. It is these electrical signals that the consistency of water, including body water determination. As part of the electro-physiology of our body is the research of Benveniste therefore special, important.
In summary, this is the core of the work of Benveniste: by solid research showing that our cells function through a fellow of the properties of water: storing and transferring information.
Benveniste was deceased due to heart failure. For those who understand the symptomatology of the body suggests that the emotional blows that he had felled him.
Hopefully the work he began continues in his lab digibio and beyond. Because his being has inspired many.